Two de novo-type DNA methyltransferases, Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b, are responsible for the creation of DNA methylation patterns during development. Dnmt3b is specifically expressed in the totipotent cells of mouse early embryos and Dnmt3a, a longer form of the two isoforms, is ubiquitously expressed in mesenchyme cells after the 10 day embryo stage [Mech. Dev. 118 (2002) 187]. In the present study, we demonstrated that Dnmt3b was expressed in the nuclei of specific cells in certain tissues after the 10 day embryo stage. In fetal liver, dorsal aorta and portal vein, Dnmt3b was expressed in cells expressing CD34, indicating that the cells were hematopoietic progenitor cells. However, Dnmt3b was not expressed in the hematopoietic progenitor cells in yolk sac blood islands at 8 day embryo stage and in adult bone marrow cells. Dnmt3b was also expressed in type-A spermatogonia after birth. Dnmt3b was expressed not only in the totipotent stem cells but also in the progenitor cells the direction of differentiation of which had been already determined. On the other hand, the long form of Dnmt3a was not expressed in these hematopoietic progenitor cells in fetal liver or type-A spermatogonia, but was expressed in hepatocytes in fetal liver and type-B spermatogonia. While Dnmt3b was distributed in both the heterochromatin and euchromatin regions, Dnmt3a was specifically localized to the euchromatin region.