In mammals, three major DNA methyltransferases, Dnmt1, Dnmt3a, and Dnmt3b, have been identified. Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b are responsible for establishing DNA methylation patterns produced through their de novo-type DNA methylation activity in implantation stage embryos and during germ cell differentiation. Dnmt3-like (Dnmt3l), which is a member of the Dnmt3 family but does not possess DNA methylation activity, was reported to be indispensable for global methylation in germ cells. Once the DNA methylation patterns are established, maintenance-type DNA methyltransferase Dnmt1 faithfully propagates them to the next generation via replication. All Dnmts possess multiple domains. For instance, Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b each contain a Pro-Trp-Trp-Pro (PWWP) domain that recognizes the histone H3K36me2/3 mark, an Atrx-Dnmt3-Dnmt3l (ADD) domain that recognizes unmodified histone H3 tail, and a catalytic domain that methylates CpG sites. Dnmt1 contains an N-terminal independently folded domain (NTD) that interacts with a variety of regulatory factors, a replication foci-targeting sequence (RFTS) domain that recognizes the histone H3K9me3 mark and H3 ubiquitylation, a CXXC domain that recognizes unmodified CpG DNA, two tandem Bromo-Adjacent-homology (BAH1 and BAH2) domains that read the H4K20me3 mark with BAH1, and a catalytic domain that preferentially methylates hemimethylated CpG sites. In this chapter, the structures and functions of these domains are described.