© 2020 Elsevier Ltd We investigated the profiles and levels of perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids in edible clams from five fishing sites in Japan (Hokkaido, Himakajima-Aichi, Atsumi-Aichi, Kyoto, and Kumamoto) and one site in Vancouver, Canada in 2017. The mean concentrations of perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids with 6–15 carbon atoms (C6–C15) in edible clams from Japanese coastal waters ranged from 197 to 1757 pg/g wet weight, but were only 48 pg/g wet weight in clams from the site in Canada. Total perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acid concentrations in clams collected in Japanese waters were 4–40 times higher than concentrations in clams from Canada. Perfluorooctanoic acid (C8) contributed 53% of total perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acid concentrations in the clams from Japanese waters, which may be contaminated from terrestrial sources though river effluents, but was not detected in the clam samples from Canada. Principal component analysis separated shorter- and longer-chain perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids, suggesting differing emission sources or environmental fate. Consumption of clams may be an exposure pathway of perfluorooctanoic acid in the Japanese population.